The National Food Authority of India aims to ensure the national food security and to stabilize the supply and the prices of the staple cereals both in the farm and the consumer levels. Its Mission includes ensuring a reasonable rate of return to the Filipino farmers, in order to provide an adequate supply and an affordable rice and corn for the country and to promote the integrated growth and the modernization of the rice and the corn marketing industry in order to enable it to compete in the global market. Its vision includes achieving a nationwide sustainable mechanism for ensuring the stabilization of the prices and the supply of rice and corn while increasing the income of Indian farmers. The article below will tell us about the duties and responsibilities of the National Food Authority of India in detail.

The following are the duties and responsibilities of the food authority of India:

  1. To regulate and to monitor the manufacture, processing, distribution, sale and the import of food so as to ensure safe and wholesome food.
  2. The Food License Authority may by its regulations specify –
    1. the standards and the guidelines that are in relation to the articles of food and specifying an appropriate system for enforcing the various standards that are notified under this Act;
    2. the limits for the use of food additives, heavy metals, processing aids, mycotoxins, crop contaminants, pesticide residues, residues of veterinary drugs, antibiotics and pharmacologically active substances and irradiation of food;
    3. the mechanisms and the guidelines for the accreditation of the certification bodies that are engaged in certification of the food safety management systems for food businesses;
    4. the procedure and the enforcement of quality control in relation to any of the article of the food imported into India;
    5. the procedure and the guidelines for the accreditation of laboratories and notification of the accredited laboratories;
    6. the method of sampling, analysis and the exchange of information among the enforcement authorities;
    7. to conduct a survey of enforcement and the administration of this Act in the country;
    8. the food labeling standards including claims on health, nutrition, special dietary uses and the food category systems for the foods; and
    9. the manner in which and the procedure that is subject to which the risk analysis, risk assessment, risk communication and the risk management shall be undertaken.
  3. The Food License Authority shall also –
    1. To provide scientific advice and also technical support to the Central Government and the State Governments in the matters of framing the policy and the rules in areas which have a direct or indirect bearing on the food safety and nutrition;
    2. To search, collect, collate, analyze and to summarize the relevant scientific and technical data particularly relating to –
      1. The food consumption and the exposure of the individuals to risks related to the consumption of food;
      2. The incidence and the prevalence of biological risk;
      3. The contaminants in food;
      4. The residues of various contaminants;
      5. identification of the emerging risks; and
      6. the introduction of a rapid alert system;
    3.  Promote, coordinate and to issue the guidelines for the development of the risk assessment methodologies and to monitor and conduct and forward the messages on the health and the nutritional risks of food to the Central Government, State Governments, and Commissioners of Food Safety;
    4.  Provide scientific and technical advice and an assistance to the Central Government and the State Governments in implementation of the crisis management procedures with regard to the food safety and also to draw up a general plan for crisis management and to work in close co-operation with the crisis unit that is set up by the Central Government in this regard;
    5.  Establish a system of the network of organizations with the aim to facilitate a scientific co-operation framework by the coordination of the activities, the exchange of information, the development and the implementation of joint projects, the exchange of expertise and the best practices in the fields of the Food Authority’s responsibility;
    6.  Provide scientific and technical assistance to the Central Government and the State Governments for improving the co-operation with the international organizations;
    7.  Take all such steps in order to ensure that the public, consumers, interested parties and all the levels of panchayats receive rapid, reliable, objective and comprehensive information through appropriate methods and means;
    8.  Provide, whether within or outside their area, training programs in food safety and the standards for the persons who are or to intend to become involved in the food businesses, whether as food business operators or employees or otherwise;
  4. The Food License Authority shall make it public without any undue delay –
    1. the opinions of the Scientific Committee and the Scientific Panel immediately after its adoption;
    2. the annual declarations of the interest made by the members of the Food License Authority, the Chief Executive Officer, the members of the Advisory Committee and the members of the Scientific Committee and the Scientific Panel, as well as the declarations of interest if any, which is made in relation to the items on the agendas of meetings;
    3. the results of its scientific studies; and
    4. the annual report of its activities;
  5. The Food Authority of India may also from time to time give any such directions, on the matters relating to the food safety and the standards, to the Commissioner of Food Safety, who shall be bounded by such directions while exercising his powers under this Act;
  6. The Food Authority of India shall also not disclose to the third parties confidential information that it receives for which the confidential treatment has been requested and also has been acceded, except for the information which must be made public if the circumstances so require, in order to protect public health.
  7.  In order to spread the knowledge of safe food in the home, schools, offices, eateries, religious places, and railway stations, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has released a bunch of new FSSAI initiatives.

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