Fill FSSAI Registration Form Below to Apply for a Food Registration Certificate
The FSSAI or Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has been established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 which consolidated various acts & orders that used to handle food-related issues in various Ministries and Departments. The objective of creating FSSAI is to lay down science-based standards for articles of food and to control their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale, and import to ensure availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption.
“One Nation One Food Law”
To bring consistency in enforcing food safety regulations and standards across States, the FSSAI has launched its ‘One Nation One Food Law’ initiative. The regulator has leveraged technology for the implementation of identical norms for testing and sampling throughout various States and labs.
To ensure that investors and food businesses have a consistently positive experience across all States while dealing with the regulatory environment.
To establish a single reference point for all issues relating to food safety and standards, by moving from multi-level, multi-departmental control to a single line of command.
Consolidate various laws.
To regulate the manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import of food products.
To ensure the availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption.
Purpose of Establishing the Authority
FSSAI has been mandated by the FSS Act, 2006 to perform the following functions:
- Framing of Regulations to lay down the Standards and guidelines in connection with the articles of food and defining an appropriate system of enforcing various standards thus notified.
- Set mechanisms and guidelines for accreditation of certification bodies engaged in certification of food safety management system (FSMS) for food businesses.
- Laying down procedure and guidelines for accreditation of laboratories and notification of the accredited laboratories.
- To provide scientific advice and technical support to Central Government and State Governments in the matters of drafting the policy and rules in domains that have a direct or indirect implication on food safety and nutrition.
- Collect and collate data about food consumption, incidence, and prevalence of biological risk, contaminants in food, and residues of various contaminants in food items. Identifying the emerging risks and introduction of a rapid alert system.
- Creating a network of information across the country so that the public, users, Panchayats, etc. receive rapid, reliable and objective information about food safety and other issues concerning it.
- Provide training programs for persons who are engaged or intend to get engaged in food businesses.
- Contribute to the development of worldwide technical standards for food, sanitary and phytosanitary standards.
- Promote general awareness about food safety and food standards.
Which Food Business Requires What FSSAI Registration or License
Businesses involved in food activities are required to apply for food licenses of different types based on their turnover, scale of business and the type of activity. These businesses/units must apply for either of the Licenses (Central or State) or simple Basic Registration. The criteria are as follows:
FSSAI Basic Registration
This is required for small business or all businesses or Start-Ups. Eligibility criteria are as below for different kinds of businesses/units with an annual turnover not exceeding Rs. 12 lakhs and/or whose:-
- the production capacity of food (other than milk & milk products and meat & meat products) does not exceed 100 kg/litres per day, or,
- procurement or handling & collection of milk is up to 500 litres of milk per day, or,
- slaughtering capacity is 2 large animals or 10 small animals (including sheep and goats) or 50 or fewer poultry birds per day.
FSSAI State License
This is required for mid-sized companies and businesses. Eligibility criteria are as follows:
The rules governing this license are:
- annual turnover between Rs. 12 lakhs to 20 crores,
- production capacity of food (other than milk & milk products and meat & meat products) is not more than 500 kg/litres per day, or,
- procurement or handling and collection of milk is not more than 5000 litres of milk per day, or,
- slaughtering capacity is between 2 to 50 large animals or 10 to150 small animals or 50 to up to1000 poultry birds per day.
FSSAI Central License
This is needed for large businesses. Eligibility criteria are as below:
- With an annual turnover of above Rs 20 Crores,
- Dairy units (including milk chilling units) equipped to handle or process more than 50,000 litres of liquid milk per day or 2500 metric tonnes of milk solid per annum,
- Vegetable oil-producing units, processing units, and refineries (including oil expeller units) having installed capacity of more than 2 metric tonnes per day,
- All slaughterhouses equipped to slaughter over 50 large animals or 150 or more small animals or 1000 or more poultry birds per day,
- Meat processing units equipped to handle or process more than 500 kg of meat per day or 150 metric tonnes per annum,
- 100 % Export Oriented Units,
- All Importers importing food articles (including food ingredients and additives) for commercial use,
- Food Business Operator operating in two or more states.
Procedure for Basic Registration
- Every petty Food Business Operator shall register itself with the registering authority by submitting an application form, along with the fees as may be applicable.
- A Unique Application Reference Number is generated for it.
- Registering Authority or RA may grant or reject the application – with reasons to be recorded in writing. Within 7 days of the receipt of the application or the registration.
- On the grant, the food business operator may commence the business operations.
- Or, if necessary, the RA may issue a notice for inspection. This is ordered within 7 days. And is done within 30 days.
- If, during the inspection, the inspecting person is satisfied. The FSSAI number will be granted.
Procedure for FSSAI Food License (State or Central)
- Filing of Application Form – B. Accompanied with relevant documents and fees, as applicable.
- Unique Application Reference Number generated.
- Now, there are 3 possibilities:
- If FSSAI is satisfied with the application and the documents submitted, the FBO can start its business operations.
- Or FSSAI may ask for additional documents to be submitted or seek some other information missing in the application. On submission of this, a unique application ID is generated. If no inspection is called for, the FBO may start operations after 60 days. In case an inspection is required, it would be conducted and a report issued. Then, the license will be granted when all the formalities complied within 60 days. In case the inspection report is not processed, the FBO may start the business after 60 days.
- Or an improvement notice is issued and a duration within which it has to be amended is specified. If the issue is not modified within that time, the application would be under suspension, and another date will be notified with a penalty payable. If still the issue is not modified, the application will get cancelled. A fresh application can be filed only after 90 days from this.
Given below are the documents required to be submitted to get an FSSAI Food License or Registration:
Common Documents required for all types of FSSAI Registrations:
TThe documents that are compulsory to be submitted by all Food Business Operators (FBOs), are mentioned below. Whether you are applying for Basic Registration, State License or Central License:
- Form A or Form B (Form – A for Basic FSSAI Registration & Form – B for State or Central FSSAI Registration) – complete and signed,
- 2 Passport Sized Latest Photographs,
- PAN Card of the Business Owner/Proprietor/Partner/Director,
- Proof of Possession of the Premises (Property Papers-if property is owned, Utility bills (Electricity or water) or Rent Agreement – if property is rented),
- Partnership Deed,
- Certificate of Incorporation or Articles of Association (AoA) for a company,
- A complete list of food items the business will be involved in,
- An FSMS (Food Safety Management System) plan (applicable for FSSAI State or Central Food License only).
Documents for State Food License:
Below documents are required to accompany the application, other than the above-listed ones:
- A complete and signed Form – B,
- Details of the Owner/Proprietor/Partners/Directors. With their Photo ID, Address Proofs, and Photographs,
- The proposed layout of the location, and the planned placement of the equipment,
- Possession Proof of that building/premises,
- No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the owners. Along with their details, such as name & address,
- Copy of License from the Manufacturers of the Equipment,
- List and Details of the Equipment already installed or planned to be installed at the premises,
- All Food Products and their categories that are planned to be produced,
- d System for Food Safety Management (FSMS).
Documents for Central Food License:
In addition to the above listed Common Documents, you need below:
- A completed and signed Form – B,
- Details of the Owner/Proprietor, Partners or Directors. With their Photo ID, Photographs and Address Proofs,
- Proof of Annual Turnover,
- The layout of the proposed location, along with the planned installation and placement of the equipment,
- Proof of Possession for the building/premises,
- No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the owners, along with their other details, such as name & address,
- Copy of License from the Manufacturers of the Machinery & Equipment,
- List and Details of the equipment already installed or proposed to be installed at the location,
- All Food Products and/or categories that are planned to be produced,
- Planned Food Safety Management System (FSMS),
- Water Report Analysis by an accredited Laboratory,
- Source of procurement for Milk, Meat & its processing unit, as applicable,
- NOC (No Objection Certificate) from the Local Authority, as applicable,
- If the FBO is engaged in Mineral or Carbonated water, then Pesticide Residual Report by a Government Accredited Laboratory,
- Import-Export Code (IEC), if applicable,
- Certificate from the Ministry of Tourism, if applicable,
- Proof of Turnover for Vehicles, as may apply to the line of business,
- No Objection Certificate (NOC) from FSSAI.
All Food Business Operators (FBOs) have to comply with the rules, regulations and other provisions, as placed and updated from time to time, by the FSSAI. These are statutory obligations. FSSAI conducts random checks, inspections, and tests of food articles or the process. During the inspection, the Food Safety Official (FSO) or the agency could examine the premises, safety, and quality of the food item or process. As well as the level of hygiene maintenance. He is empowered by the FSSAI to check the working conditions along with the procedures of food handling by the operators, associates, and organization.
Consequently, a level of compliance for the business is ascertained, based upon the provisions of the Food Authority, using a checklist. The Official marks a level for the FBO, using this checklist, as:
- Compliance (C),
- Partial compliance (PC),
- Non-compliance (NC), or
- Not applicable/Not observed (NA).
Furthermore, the FSO or the inspection agency may issue a Notice for Improvement, explaining the operations, steps or stages, where modifications need to take place. And it mentions a time duration for these changes to be completed by. If the FBO fails to correct these, within the designated time, a Show Cause Notice is given.
This Show Cause Notice provides a hearing date, by which the FBO has to prove why it could not undertake the improvements or changes. The case must be backed by documentary proof. If the documentary evidence is rejected, or the FBO fails to respond to the Improvement Notice, by the hearing date, its FSSAI application or existing certificate will get canceled.
If an FBO is found Non-Compliant to the provisions laid down by the FSSAI, it will get penalized. The penalty structure is uniform and applies to everyone. a few FSSAI penalties for a non-compliant FBO have been listed below:
- If the business is running an establishment without applying for the FSSAI certificate, this is punishable under the Act. The FBO may face imprisonment and/or a fine of up to Rs. 5 lakh.
- If an FBO is selling food items of sub-standard quality, it may be fined for an amount up to Rs. 5 lakhs. In this situation, the person responsible for selling the sub-standard food articles, either himself or by a person working on his behalf, would be held liable.
- The business selling misbranded goods, either himself or by a person acting on his behalf, may get penalized up to Rs. 3 lakh.
- For all the FBOs engaged in selling, packing, storage, distributions, or importing of Food Items containing superfluous or extraneous substance, a penalty may get levied of Rs. 1 lakh.
The penalties and fines listed above may vary, according to the situation.
In extreme cases, where death has occurred due to consumption of that particular Food Article, the punishment on the concerned FBO may extend to Rs. 5 lakh or even imprisonment, depending upon the severity and how much harm has been caused.
Frequently Asked Questions
– vitamin, mineral and amino acids,
– botanical ingredients,
– nutraceuticals ingredients,
– food additives,
– health supplements,
– food for special dietary use,
– food for special medical purpose,
– specialty food containing plant or botanicals,
– probiotics and prebiotics
– foods containing probiotics,
– foods containing prebiotics, and
– novel food products.
The FSSAI provisions include:
-Food Recall regulation for the food or food products that are determined or prima facie considered unsafe,
-Removal of food under recall from all stages of the food chain,
-Ensure announcement of information to concerned customers,
-Ensure retrieval, destruction or re-processing of food recalled.
To ensure that their product remains safe and free from contamination during all processes, FBOs should implement a valid Food Safety Management System (FSMS) based on HACCP. It will help them in checking and controlling hazards throughout the food chain, actively. At various stages involved in their business operations.
(a) Fruits & Vegetables,
(b) Meat & Meat Products,
(c) Fish & Fishery Products,
(d) Dairy Products,
(f) Spices & Condiments,
(g) Nuts & Nut Products,
(h) Bakery & Confectionary,
(i) Fast Food Operations,
(j) Hotels & Restaurants, etc.
If you are not placed in Delhi and certain other states, you are required to submit a hard-copy of the application duly signed with a copy of the fees paid, after applying online.
If, however, the 30-day period is also over and your FSSAI number has expired, you will have to apply for a fresh FSSAI food license
– Food or food ingredients with a history of human consumption (at least fifteen years) but not defined in a regulation under the Act.
– New food additives,
– Processing aids and enzymes,
– Items of food and food ingredients consisting of or isolated from microorganisms, fungi or algae.