Millions of people consume Carbonated or Caffeinated Beverages like cola and energy drinks every day. In order to increase attention, stamina, and endurance. Young Adolescents and young adults are taking energy drinks in order to increase endurance, attention, and stamina. This is only increasing health risks despite the commercials showing their benefits in TV. It is a billion dollar industry now in India; increasing a rate of 20-25% every year. Food license for Caffeinated beverages is mandatory.
Energy drinks are non-alcoholic beverages containing stimulants like caffeine and other ingredients and additives. According to a study published by the World Health Organisation, the health risks associated with non-alcoholic beverages is due to the presence of caffeine. Caffeine overdose can cause various symptoms in youth and adults like palpitations, over-stimulation, and behavioral changes. It can cause serious side effects in children and in pregnant women. Details Of food license for Caffeinated beverages.
Due to the increasing trend of consumption of non-alcoholic beverages, FSSAI has added new standards in Food safety and standards regulations, 2011 regarding caffeinated beverages and the use of blue tint in the plastic bottles under the section related to Beverages Non-alcoholic Carbonated food products. This amendment is operational from 4th November 2016 with immediate effect.
Recommended Standards for Caffeinated beverages by FSSAI
The quality of water used in caffeinated beverages should be according to the standards of packaged drinking water as prescribed in Food safety and standards regulations, 2011.
The recommended amount of caffeine proposed by FSSAI is not less than 145 mg/ liter and more than 300 mg/ liter.
Food business operators (FBOs) are required to take permission from the FSSAI if there is any addition of ingredient in the composition of the caffeinated drinks. For example, flavors, artificial sweeteners, additives, sweeteners. Details Of food license for Caffeinated beverages.
Caffeinated Beverages should have a label-stating maximum per day consumption, not more than 500 ml.
The recommended daily allowance (RDA) of vitamins like thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin B6, Vitamin B12 is one RDA in the caffeinated products.
Given below is the table containing the substance and their maximum amount of a substance for per day consumption as proposed by FSSAI:
|Substance||Maximum amount per day consumption|
Proper labeling must be there for the amount of caffeine per pack/serve. Prominent display in precautions part of the food product regarding warning; “Not recommended for children, pregnant, women who are breastfeeding, people allergic to caffeine.”
Standards for the addition of Blue Tint in carbonated bottles
Blue tint used in the plastic bottles made of polycarbonate and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) in 5-liter pack bottle or above must follow Indian standard; IS 9833. The amount of pigment/ color must not exceed 60 mg/ liter as per IS:9845.