The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the national Standards Body of India which is working under the aegis of the Ministries of human affairs, food, and public distribution, the Government of India. It was established by the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 which came into effect on 23 December 1986. The Minister who is in the charge of the Ministry or Department having the administrative control of the BIS is the ex-officio President of the BIS.
The organization was formerly known as the Indian Standards Institution (ISI) which was set up under the Resolution of the then Department of Industries and the Supplies No. 1 Std. (4)/45, dated 3 September 1946. The Indian Standards Institution was registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
As a corporate body, BIS have 25 members which are drawn from Central or the State Governments, the industry, scientific and the research institutions, and the consumer organizations. Its headquarters are in New Delhi, with regional offices located in Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Chandigarh and Delhi also and 20 branch offices also. It also works as wto-tbt inquiry point for India.
The BIS has a lot of significance pertaining to FSSAI as BIS is the one which has given provided the rights of safety and standards to the FSSAI. The BIS performs a lot of tasks and it helps the other departments also to work properly and without facing any troubles. The BIS performs various activities such as the collective development of standardization, marking and quality certification to basically provide a thrust standardization and to also evolve a strategy nationally to attain recognition and to standards and integrating them with growth and the development of production and exports. There are certain powers and functions of the BIS. Some of them are as always.
The bureau exercises some of the special powers and performs such many duties that may be assigned to the department by or under the act and, in particular, such special powers include the power to-
- To establish, publish and promote in such manner as it may be prescribed the Indian Standard, in relation to any article or any of the process.
- To attain recognition as an Indian Standard, in such a manner to that of the standard established by any of the other Institution in India or elsewhere, in relation to any article or process.
- To basically specify a Standard Mark to be called as Bureau of Indian standards certification mark which must be of such design and contain such particulars which may be prescribed to represent a particular Indian Standard.
- To grant, renew, suspend or cancel a license for the use of the Standard Mark.
- To levy the fees for the grant or renewal of any license;
- To make such inspection and take such samples of any material or substance as may be necessary.
- To seek the recognition of the Bureau and of the Indian Standards outside India on such terms and conditions as it may be mutually agreed upon by the Bureau with any corresponding institution or organization in any country.
The BIS is a lot important for the FSSAI as it helps it to do all the safety work and BIS is a very important department in every department because it makes sure every standard is followed perfectly and without any problem.