A Complete Guide to FSSAI

What is FSSAI Food License?

Food safety and standards authority of India is an autonomous body which was established under the ministry of health and family welfare, the government of India. The FSSAI has its main headquarters at New Delhi. The authority also has 6 regional offices which are situated in Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Guwahati, Chennai, and Cochin. There is a total of 14 referral laboratories notified by FSSAI, 72 number of state/UT laboratories located throughout India and total of 112 laboratories are NABL accredited private laboratories notified by FSSAI.

The FSSAI had been established under the food safety and standards act, 2006 which from the past used to be the consolidating statute related to food security and the regulation in India. FSSAI is basically responsible only for protecting and promoting public health byways of regulation and supervision of the food safety. There are many other duties and responsibility of food authority. The authority makes it mandatory for all the Food Business Operators (FBOs) to obtain an FSSAI license or Food Licenses.

The Food Safety and Security Act, 2006 is mainly a bucket for all the older laws, rules and the regulations for the food safety. The Food Safety and Security Act, 2006 at its establishment took 8 older acts into one umbrella.

  • Prevention of the Food Adulteration Act which came in 1954
  • Fruit Products Order which came in 1955
  • Meat Food Products Order which came in 1973
  • Vegetable Oil Products (Control) Order which came in 1947
  • Edible Oils Packaging (Regulation) Order which came in 1988
  • Solvent Extracted Oil, De-Oiled Meal and Edible Flour (Control) Order which came in 1967
  • Milk and Milk Products Order which came in 1992.

Types of FSSAI License

Who needs a Food License?

Anyone who is intended to do food business in India, it is mandatory to get food license for the same. This not just includes food preparation, but also involves food handling at various stages before reaching the customer ultimately. This include raw materials, manufacturing, processing, packaging, distribution etc.

The certification under FSSAI has two bifurcations:

  • FSSAI Registration-

The registration is for small business operators and small scale food outlets. If the turnover of the business is less than 12 lakhs, that particular Food business Operator (Petty Food Business) comes under this category. It is noteworthy that this registration is mandatory before starting a food business.

  • FSSAI License-

FSSAI License is mandatory in case of medium and large Food Business Operators, where turnover is greater than 12 lakhs. Further, two types of food license are issued depending on the type of business, turnover and area of operation:

  1. State License:

State license is issued by a State , if the area of operation is in that particular State. The turnover of the company should be between 12 lakhs to 20 crores. Mostly, the medium scale enterprises like wholesaler, supplier, dairy units, caterer, distributor etc needs to get this type of license.

2. Central License:

Central Government issues Central Food License for food businesses whose turnover is above 20 crores. Generally the business firms working as government agencies, large food companies, import-export business. In case the food business involves only exporting, Central license s necessary. Further, if the business is in more than one state and head office is in other state, Central license is required.

Registration Requirement

  1. Depending on the turnover, the Forms for different category of Registration is mentioned below:
Annual TurnoverRegistration/License
Below 12 LakhsRegistration FORM A(Registration)
12 – 20 LakhsState License FORM B(License)
Above 20 LakhsCentral License FORM B(License)

2. Documents required for FSSAI Registration

  • Form B – completed and signed
  • Photo Identity of FBO
  • Proof of possession of premises (eg. Rental Agreement )
  • Partnership Deed / Certificate of Incorporation / Articles of Association etc
  • List of food products to be dealt with
  • Food safety management system plan

3. Documents required for Central License

  • Form B duly completed and signed
  • Plan of the processing unit showing the dimensions and operation-wise area allocation
  • List of Directors/ Partners/ Proprietor with address, contact details, and photo ID
  • Name and list of equipment and machinery used with the number and installed capacity
  • List of food category to be manufactured
  • Authority letter from manufacturer nominated a responsible person name and address
  • Analysis report of water to be used in the process to confirm the portability
  • Source of raw material for milk, meat etc
  • Recall plan wherever applicable
  • Ministry of Commerce Certificate for 100% EOU
  • NOC/PA document issued by FSSAI
  • IE code document issued by DGFT
  • Form IX
  • Certificate from Ministry of Tourism
  • Proof of possession of premises
  • Partnership deed/ affidavit of proprietorship
  • NOC and copy of License from the manufacturer
  • Food safety management system plan or certificate
  • NOC from the municipality or local body
  • Supporting document for proof of turnover  and transportation
  • Declaration form

4. Documents required for State License

  • Form B duly completed and signed
  • Plan of the processing unit showing the dimensions and operation-wise area allocation
  • List of Directors/ Partners/ Proprietor with address, contact details, and photo ID
  • Name and list of equipment and machinery used with the number and installed capacity
  • List of food category to be manufactured
  • Authority letter from manufacturer nominated a responsible person name and address
  • Analysis report of water to be used in the process to confirm the portability
  • Proof of possession of premises
  • Partnership deed/ affidavit of proprietorship
  • NOC and copy of License from the manufacturer
  • Copy of certificate obtained under Coop Act 1861/Multi state Coop Act 2002
  • Food safety management system plan or certificate

Penalty in Case Registration/ License is not obtained

If any person or food business operator (except the persons exempted from licensing under sub-section (2) of section 31 of this Act), himself or by any person on his behalf who is required to obtain licence, manufacturers, sells, stores or distributes or imports any article of food without licence, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months and also with a fine which may extend to five lakh rupees.

Penalty in case of Non Compliance:

Sl.NoParticularsFine
1Food quality not in compliance with act2 Lakh
Petty manufacturer – 25,000/-
2Sub-standard food5 Lakh
3Misbranded Food3 Lakh
4Misleading advertisement or false description10 Lakh
5Extraneous matter in food1 Lakh
6Failure to comply with Food safety officer direction2 Lakh
7Unhygienic processing or manufacture1 Lakh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Complete Guide to FSSAI
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2018-11-02T12:17:29+00:00food license|Comments Off on A Complete Guide to FSSAI
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