Proprietary food is defined as a food article that hasn’t been standardized under the regulations but does not include any novel food, special foods for dietary use, foods for medicinal purposes, functional foods, nutraceuticals, health supplements. Therefore when any food package is labeled as Proprietary Food. One can assume that the ingredients are not the standard additives or colored as per the regulations of the FSSAI License Authority. The formulation belongs to the company which has produced this product. It will also contain non-standardized food additives, colors, and ingredients that are not harmful for the human consumption.
FSSAI regulations have categorized food and beverage products into two major classifications:
- Standardized Food
- Non-standardized foods i.e. Proprietary Foods
Standardized Food and Proprietary Food
Standardized food products are those which are defined under regulations. A food business operator who has a license can manufacture. But the manufacturer can only sell these food products as long as he complies with the standards for the specific product given in the act and rules.
For examples, fruit jam, fruit drinks, sauces, biscuits and carbonated water, etc.
Proprietary Foods are those which are not standardized under regulations and may contain primary ingredients and some generic additives. These foods can be made from milk or milk products, from carbohydrates, with or without a basis of milk, from meat, fish, or eggs, from vegetables, fruits, or nuts. As well as sometimes from fatty substances also.
For examples, energy drinks and custard powder which contain starch, dextrose, flavor, and color.
Mentioned below are some regulatory guidelines that are mandatory to be followed for Proprietary Food for which standards are available in the regulations. These have been permitted for use in the preparation of other standardized food products.
FSSAI License Authority has settled a rundown of 11,000 passable added substances in the wake of setting new models for them. The nourishment classes in which they can be utilized and their reasonable points of confinement. This will enable organizations to utilize added substances permitted on the rundown without endorsement. Also will essentially ease the endorsements. Prior to this, the organizations expected to get item astute endorsement for motivating the sustenance items.
The proprietary food can only use additives specified for the food category to which it belongs. However, the food category shall be clearly mentioned on the label along with its name, nature, and composition.
The proprietary food product shall comply with the provisions and microbiological specifications for food additives prescribed in the Food Safety and Standards Regulations (considering the revised versions). Last but not the least, the food business operator will be fully responsible for the safety of the proprietary food sold by them.
Additionally, in a corrigendum issued on 15 June 2016, the FSSAI Registration Authority has clearly specified the limits for an addition of vitamins and minerals in the proprietary food. Accordingly, proprietary foods containing added vitamins and minerals should not exceed 30 percent of recommended daily allowance (RDA) for Indians. The recommended dietary allowances for different nutrients have been calculated by the National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Indian Council of Medical Research (revised in 2010).